Quotes Quote #3 "But when it is ready, it takes place, and grinds to pieces everything before it. At first, Madame Defarge has a very subtle role in the book, sitting in her corner of the wine- shop, knitting. A Tale of Two Cities adapts the classical Fates in two ways. A symbol of vengefulness and revolutionary excess, Madame Defarge sits outside her Paris wine shop endlessly knitting a scarf that is—in effect—a list of those to be killed.

However, she is one of those dynamic characters who possess more significance than we see at first. She doesn’t even stop knitting. Incorporated into the scarf’s pattern are the names of hated aristocrats—including the St. Evrémondes, the family of Charles Darnay, a leading character. Madame Defarge’s death by a bullet from her own gun—she dies in a scuffle with Miss Pross—symbolizes Dickens’s belief that the sort of vengeful attitude embodied by Madame Defarge ultimately proves a self-damning one. Madame Defarge stares at her coldly. Analysis, related quotes, timeline. In A Tale of Two Cities, Dickens uses Madame Defarge as a symbol of revenge to show his recurring theme of revenge throughout the novel to prove that revenge is justified in some situations. Cold As Ice Her problem, it seems, is that Madame Defarge just doesn’t know where to draw the line. She knows her husband has affection for Manette and Lucie and sees Monsieur Defarge’s ability to feel empathy for others as a weakness. Madame Defarge lost her whole family when she was a child, and the anger and grief that these losses created makes her a dangerous foe in the novel. For just as the aristocracy’s oppression has made an oppressor of Madame Defarge herself, so will her oppression, in turn, make oppressors of her victims. Madame Defarge to Lucy Manette "The wives and mothers we have been used to see, since we were as little as this child, and much less, have not been greatly considered? The shadow attendant on Madame Defarge and her party seemed them to fall, threatening and dark, on both the mother and child. Madame Teresa Defarge is the main antagonist of Charles Dickens' novel A Tale of Two Cities. She becomes one of the most bloodthirsty revolutionaries in the French Revolution. From here her plots and machinations involve the innocent Lucie Manette and her father, Dr. Manette, returned to life after an 18-year imprisonment in the Bastille, and the heroic Charles Darnay and his wicked uncle, the Marquis St. Evremonde. Her goal from the start of the book is to exterminate the noble race. As she knits the names of her enemies, Madame Defarge is effectively condemning people to a deadly fate. In classical mythology, three sister gods called the Fates controlled the threads of human lives. Madame Defarge is revealed in her husband's wine shop in the poorest district of Paris. As Madame Defarge converses with people in the wine shop, they speak of her need to get revenge on the descendants of the Evermondes. Detailed quotes explanations with page numbers for every Madame Defarge wants to accomplish this so she can avenge the death of her family, who were killed by nobles. In a Tale of Two Cities Madame Defarge is a very important character. She wants her revenge, not only on the d'Aulnais family that caused her family's death, but also on the entire French noble class. Madame Defarge Quotes Madame Defarge, though intelligent, is consumed by her hatred and has transformed into something just as bad, if not worse, than the members of the aristocracy. PDF downloads of all 1305 LitCharts literature guides, and of every new one we publish. Madame Defarge is eager to kill them, since they are related to Darnay and the Evrémonde family. Madame Defarge will stop at nothing to see the French nobility suffer and, although she is not very educated, she is extremely clever. Madame Defarge knits a "Hit List" all day in the wine shop which serves as a list of people the Revolutionists must kill during the Revolution. Madame Defarge hates the Evremondes because the marquis (Charles Darnay/Evremonde's father) and his brother abused her family. We have known their husbands and fathers laid in prison and kept from them, often enough? As far as she’s concerned, "justice" for the fate of her family isn’t just that the Marquis Get everything you need to know about Madame Defarge in A Tale of Two Cities.